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TEM-4 Cloze (1 model test)

2018-09-24  点击:[]

Model Test 1

From childhood to old age, we all use language as a means of broadening our knowledge of ourselves and the world about us. When humans first 1____, they were like newborn children, unable to use this 2____ tool. Yet once language developed, the possibilities for human kind’s future 3____ and cultural growth increased.

Many linguists believe that evolution is 4____ for our ability to produce and use language. They 5____ that our highly evolved brain provides us 6____ innate language ability not found in lower 7____. Proponets of this innateness theory say that our 8____ for language is inborn, but that language itself develops gradually, 9____ a function of the growth of the brain during childhood. Therefore there are critical 10____ times for language development.

Current 11____of innateness theory ae mixed, however, evidence supporting the existence of some innate abilities is underiable. 12____, more and more schools are discovering that foreign languages are best taught in 13____ grades. Young children often can learn several languages by being 14____ to them, while adults have a much harder time learning another language once the 15____ of their first language have become firmly fixed.

16____ some aspects of language are undeniably innate, language does not develop automatically in a vacuum. Children who have been 17____ from other human beings do not possess language. This demonstrates that 18____ with other human beings necessary for proper language development. Some linguists believe that this is even more basic to human language 19____ than any innate capacities. These theorists view language as imitative, learned behavior. 20____, children learn language from their parents by imitating them. Parents gradually shape their child’s language skills by positively reinforcing precise imitations and negatively reinforcing imprecise ones.

1. a generated         b evolved             c born              d originated

2. a valuable          b appropriate          c convenient         d favorite

3. a attainments        b feasibility           c entertainments      d evolution

4. a essential          b available            c reliable            d responsible

5. a confirm          b inform              c claim              d convince

6. a for              b from                c of                d with

7. a organizations      b organisms           c humans            d children

8. a potential          b performance         c preference          d passion

9. a as               b just as               c like               d unlike

10. a ideological       b biological            c social             d psychological

11. a reviews          b reference            c reaction            d recommendation

12. a In a word        b In a sense            c Indeed             d In other words

13. a various          b different             c the higher          d the lower

14. a revealed         b exposed             c engaged            d involved

15. a regulations       b formations           c rules               d constitutions

16. a Although        b Whether             c Since              d When

17. a distinguished     b different             c protected           d isolated

18. a exposition       b comparison           c contrast            d interaction

19. a acquisition       b appreciation          c requirement         d alternative

20. a As a result       b After all              c In other words       d Above all

Model Test 2

Rumor is the most 1____ way of spreading stories ---- by passing them on from mouth 2____ mouth. But civilized countries in normal times have better 3____ of news than rumor. They have radio, television, and newspapers. In times of stress and 4____, 5____, rumor 6____ and becomes widespread. At such 7____ the different kinds of news are in 8____, the press, television, and redio versus the grape-vine. Especially 9____ rumors spread when war requires censorship on many important matters. The customary news sources no longer 10____ enough information. Since the people cannot learn 11____ legitimate channels all 12____ they are anxious to learn, they pick up “news” 13____ they can and when this 14____, rumor thrives.

Rumors are often repeated 15____ by those who do not believe the tales. There is a fascination about them. The reason is 16____ the cleverly designed rumor gives expression to something deep in the hearts of the victims ---- the fears, suspicins, forbidden hopes, or daydreams which they hesitate to 17____ directly. Pessimistic rumors about defeat and disasters show that the people who repeat them are 18____ and anxious. 19____ rumors about record, production or peace soon come point to complacency or confidence ---- and often to 20____.

1. a primitive         b important          c impossible          d outstanding

2. a till              b to                c for                 d by

3. a means           b ways              c sources             d resource

4. a confusion        b peace              c prosperity           d worry

5. a and             b however            c so                 d therefore

6. a emerges         b immerge            c immerse            d immense

7. a time            b the times            c times              d the time

8. a compete         b competition          c common           d harmony

9. a do              b did                 c are               d were

10. a give up         b give off             c give out           d send off

11. a through         b by                 c in                d across

12. a what           b why                c which             d that

13. a wherever        b where              c whatever           d what

14. a happened        b would happen        c happens           d happen

15. a ever            b even                c forever            d much

16. a that            b what                c why              d how

17. a act             b voice               c behave            d do

18. a happy          b relieved             c crazy              d worried

19. a Bad            b Pessimistic          c Optimistic          d Good

20. a overconfidence   b overweight          c overconsiderate      d overproduce

 

 

Keys:

1-5 BAADC    6-10 DBAAB    11-15 ACDBC    16-20 ADDAC        model test 1

1-5 ABCAB    6-10 ACBAC    11-15 ADACB    16-20 ABDCA        model test 2

 

 

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