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电子教案 English Grammar-2

2018-09-24  点击:[]

Chapter Six The Articles

冠词的语法意义

冠词是一种虚词,不能单独使用作句子成分,只能附加在名词、名词词组或名词化的形容词之前起限定作用,帮助说明其含义、所指的人或事物是泛指还是特指。

冠词的分类:

冠词只有两类共三个:不定冠词a(an)和定冠词the

定冠词—the definite article

不定冠词—the indefinite article

1不定冠词

a用在以辅音音素开头的词前;an用在以元音音素开头的词前

②源于数词one,表示“一”之意

③用于泛指同类人或事物中的任何一个,与别类人或事物相区别,

仅与可数的单词名词连用

a hena unitan applean hour

2定冠词

①用在以辅音音素开头的词前读-;用在以元音音素开头的词前读-

②源于指示代词that,表示“那”之意

③用来特指某个或某些人或事物,与同类中的其他人或事物相区别,

可与一切名词连用 

the sun; the earth; in the morning; in the evening;

冠词的用法

1 不定冠词的用法

1)表示数量“一” 之意,但意义不如one.

I have a pencil.

She will return in a day or two.

2)笼统地指某人或事物,但不具体说明.

A boy is waiting for you.

I’m sure it was on a Friday.

3)表示类别,即以个体表示一类,用来区别于其他类,相当于“any”.

A plane is a machine that can fly.

This is a sheep, not a goat.

An elephant is stronger than a horse.

His father is a doctor.

4)与表示时间、速度、价格等意义的名词连用,表示“每一”之意.

They work  eight hours a day.

We have three meals a day.

The car can go 80 kilometres an hour.

How much is this meat a pound?

The price of the vegetable is two yuan a kilo.

5)起介绍作用,表示首次提到某人或某事物,但不具体说明.

“What is he?” “He is a teacher.”

There is a house in the picture and there’s a dog in front of the house.

She has just come back from a Changchun hospital.

6)用在不可数的抽象名词或物质名词前,作具体介绍,有“一种”之含义.

Reading is a joy to me.

Kong Fansen had a deep love for the country and people.

7)dozen/hundred /thousand /million等连用,表示“一打///百万” 之意.

a dozen exercise books; a hundred teachers;

a thousand students;

8)用于“such /quite/many/rather + a/an

“so +形容词+ a/an +单数可数名词结构中

He has had such a busy day.

On Sundays there are quite a lot of people in the streets.

She is rather a collage student.

We have not had so wonderful a day as this for a long time.

9)用于what引导的感叹句.

What a big family

What a fine day

What a difficult question it is!

10)表示the same,“即”一样“之意.

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